a history of the
poor people's campaign in real time

A retelling of Martin Luther King, Jr's last monumental social protest

Exhibition Research Bibliography


Carson, Clayborne, and Peter Holloran, ed., A Knock at Midnight: Inspiration from the Great Sermons of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Warner Books, 1998.

Fager, Charles. Uncertain Resurrection: The Poor People’s Washington Campaign. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1969.

Freedman, Jill. Old News: Resurrection City. New York: Grossman Publishers, 1970.

Freeman, Roland L. The Mule Train: A Journey of Hope Remembered. Nashville: Rutledge Hill Press, 1998.

Honey, Michael K. Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King’s Last Campaign. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2007.

King, Jr., Martin Luther. Why We Can’t Wait. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.

King, Jr., Martin Luther. Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community? New York: Harper and Row, 1967.

Mantler, Gordon K. Power to the Poor: Black-Brown Coalition and the Fight for Economic Justice, 1960-1974. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2013.

McKnight, Gerald D. The Last Crusade: Martin Luther King, Jr., the FBI, and the Poor People’s Campaign. Boulder: Westview Press, 1998.

Wright, Amy Nathan. “Civil Rights Unfinished Business: Poverty, Race, and the 1968 Poor People’s Campaign.” PhD diss., University of Texas at Austin, 2007.

Young, Andrew. An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America. New York: Harper Collins, 1996.


Bigart, Homer. “Leaders at Rites: High and Lowly Join in Last Tribute to Rights Champion.” New York Times, April 10, 1968, 1.

Booker, Simeon. “D.C. ‘Resurrection City’ is Model Community Run by Poor.” Jet, June 6, 1968, 14-19.

Booker, Simeon. “12 Days of Hard Rain Didn’t Turn Poor People’s Drive Around.” Jet, June 13, 1968, 20-27

Flint, Jerry. “U.A.W. Backs G.M. on Negro Hiring.” New York Times, July 16, 1967, 53.

Franklin, Ben A. “‘City’ of The Poor Begun in Capital: Abernathy Vows to ‘Plague Pharaohs of the Nation’ for Help Against Poverty.” New York Times, May 14, 1968, 1.

Garland, Phyl. “Coretta King: In Her Husband’s Footsteps.” Ebony, September 1968, 154-162.

Goodman George. “Dr. King, One Year After ‘He Lives, Man.’” Look, April 15,1969, 29-31.

Higgins, Chester. “Rev. Abernathy Talks About Poor People’s March – Will Start Campaign From Spot Where Dr. M. L. King Was Killed.” Jet, May 9, 1968, 14-21.

King, Coretta Scott. “Statement by Mrs. King.” New York Times, April 7, 1968, 64.

King, Jr., Dr. Martin Luther. “Martin Luther King Defines ‘Black Power.’” New York Times, June 11, 1967, 248, 281-286.

King, Jr., Dr. Martin Luther. “Showdown for Non-Violence.” Look, April 16, 1968, 23-25.

Jackson, Jesse L. “Resurrection City.” Ebony, October, 1968, 65-74.

Janson, Donald. “Dr. King Expands Negro Job Drive: Will Put Economic Pressure on Business in 42 Cities,” New York Times, July 12, 1967, 23.

Life. “And So the Poor People Came.” June 28, 1968, 22-27.

Neary, John. “A New Resolve: Never to be Invisible Again.” Life, June 28, 1968, 28-29.

New York Times. “Aide to Dr. King Asserts March of Poor in Capital Will Be Held.” April 5, 1968, 24.

New York Times. “City Pauses Today for King Funeral.” April 9, 1968, 1.

New York Times. “Dr. King Names 3 Targets in Campaign for Negro Jobs.” July 13, 1967, 27.

New York Times. “Dr. King Reports Gain in Boycott: Says Cleveland A&P Will Remove Sealtest Products.” July 30, 1967, 54.

New York Times. “New Rights Phase Seen By Dr. King.” June 11, 1967, 61.

New York Times. “Transcripts of Prayer, Tribute and Eulogy Delivered at Services for Dr. King.” April 10, 1968, 32.

Newsweek. “Poverty: ‘We’re on Our Way.’” May 13, 1968, 32-33.

Newsweek. “What Can You Do For Us?” June 3, 1968, 22-27.

Rugaber, Walter. “Plea by Mrs. King: Fulfill His Dream.” New York Times, April 7, 1968, 64.

Stein, Ruthe B. “White Woman’s Drive to Aid Poor People: She Recruits For Poor Campaign; Urges Whites to Stop Hating.” Jet, June 13, 1968, 16-19.

Stern, Michael. “Tribute Paid Here: Millions Pause in Day of Many Moods – City Sponsors Concert.” New York Times, April 10, 1968, 1.

Time. “The Capital: The Scene at Zip Code 20013.” May 24, 1968, 28-29.

Time. “Plague after Plague.” May 31, 1968, 14-16.

Time. “Ralph Abernathy: Out of the Shadow.” May 31, 1968, 15.

U.S. News and World Report. “The ‘Poor People’s March:’ Its Demands, The Prospects.” May 13, 1968, 44-45.

Original documents located on The King Center for Non-Violent Social Change website:

When searching the site, go to the digital archives and type in the title found in the parenthesis. Several documents may show up but you should be able to locate the specific documents this way.

Operation Breadbasket:

“5th Company give in to Breadbasket Demands for Jobs.” Chicago Daily Defender, July 23-29, 1966.

“Advances of Operation Breadbasket.” December 5, 1966.

“Atlanta Operation Breadbasket Bi-Annual Report.” February 6, 1968.

“Breadbasket and National Tea Agree.” Chicago Daily Defender, December 12, 1966.

“Covenant Between Operation Breadbasket and the A&P Company.”

“’Green Power’ for Negroes.” November 23 1966.

“Operation Breadbasket Food Store Agreement.” The Chicago Courier.

“Saturday, November 19, 1966 Chicago Daily Defender/Chicago Daily News.”

“SCLC’s Operation Breadbasket – Quarterly Report.” February 6, 1968.

“Support Negro Business.” The Woodlawn Observer/The West Side Torch.

Poor People’s Campaign:

“1967 Geneva Convocation.” May 29, 1967.

“A Call To Vietnam Week.” April 8-15, flyer/brochure.

“A Christmas Sermon.” December 24, 1967.

“A Journey of Conscience.” Draft.

“America’s Chief Moral Dilemma.” Speech to the Hungry Eye Club, Atlanta, Georgia, May 10, 1967.

“Another Opinion: I Oppose the War in Vietnam.”

“Annual Report of the President: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.” August 16, 1967.

“Beyond Vietnam.” April 4, 1967.

“CBS’s Face the Nation Interview.” April 16, 1967

“Economic and Social Bill of Rights.” February 6, 1968.

“Information about Poor People’s Campaign.”

“Join the Ranks! Support a Worker.”

“MLK Public Statement on the Poor People’s Campaign.” December 4, 1967.

“MLK Sermon: Why I Am Opposed to the War in Vietnam.” April 30,1967.

“Myths and Facts about OEO.”

“Poor People’s Campaign News.” Black and White Together, March 15, 1968.

“Poor People’s Campaign 1968.” flyer/ brochure with Genesis text.

“SCLC Press Release, Poor People’s Campaign.” Dr. King Calls for Action Against Poverty and Racism Cited in Riot Study; Poor People’s Campaign starts April 22 in Washington, March 4, 1968.

“SCLC Retreat November 1967.”

“Sermon at The Washington Cathedral.” March 31, 1968.

“The American Dream.” transcript of the Commencement Address delivered by Martin Luther King, Jr. at Lincoln University, June 6, 1961.


The Library of Congress houses the Look Magazine collection of 104 black and white contact sheets and 47 color slides from June 1968 of Resurrection City and the Poor People’s Campaign: “Look-Job-68-3775”.   It seems that the majority of this collection has been unpublished and never presented for public view.

The Walter P. Reuther Library at Wayne State University holds a collection of images from the Poor People’s Campaign, Solidarity Day, and Resurrection City.